A

GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON

WW

A

GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON

COMPILED BY

HENRY GEORGE LIDDELL, D.D.

LATE DEAN OF CHRIST CHURCH,

AND

ROBERT SCOTT, D.D.

LATE DEAN OF ROCHESTER, ANTi MASTER OF BALLIOL COLLEGE.

EIGHTH EDITION, REVISED THROUGHOUT.

ll>Ti- (3

AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY NEW YORK, CHICAGO, CINCINNATI.

PR

ESL.6

iqo

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1882, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

All rights reserved.

C. P. 2.

PREFACE TO THE SEVENTH EDITION.

THE First Edition of this Lexicon appeared in 1843, and was stated to be 'based on the German work of Francis Passow.' In the Preface to our Fourth Edition (1855) it was said that 'we had omitted the name of Passow from our Title-page, assuredly not from any wish to disown or conceal our obligations to that Scholar, without whose Lexicon, as a base to work upon, our own would never have been compiled, but because our own was now derived from so many and various sources, that we could no longer fairly place any one name in that position *.' This argument applied with still greater cogency to the Fifth Edition (1861), which was very much augmented and improved, not only by continued reference to the great Paris Thesaurus (then drawing near to completion), but also to the Greek-German Lexicon of Rost and Palm, and to various other sources. The Sixth Edition (1869) was revised throughout; and though brevity was studied, the number of pages was increased by one eighth. Much of this increase was due to the length at which the forms of Verbs were treated ; and here, in particular, we must express our obligation to the excellent and exhaustive Greek Verbs Irregular and Defective, by Dr. Veitch. We referred in some cases especially to this work, and have to thank him for the great assistance we have constantly derived from his labours.

In this, the Seventh Edition, the last that we can hope to see published, the whole work has been thoroughly revised, and large additions made. But by compression, and a slight enlarge- ment of the page, the bulk of the volume has been reduced by ninety pages. The additions consist mainly of fuller references to the classical authors, and a free use of the Indices to the Berlin Aristotle and to the Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum.

We have gratefully to acknowledge the assistance rendered us by many scholars. More particularly must we mention the names of Professors Drisler, of New York ; Goodwin, of Cambridge, Massachusetts ; and Gildersleeve, of Baltimore. Professors Goodwin and Gilder- sleeve have rewritten several important Articles, which their well-known Grammatical learning makes peculiarly valuable ; we may specify the Articles on av, «, f-nti, Hare, Iva, O7r<os, ore, oirorf, ov, \ir\. and irpiv: the former has also supplied some excellent additions to Attic law-terms, such as ypannaT(vs, Trapaypai/iij, crvvhiKos, vfipis, vTT(op.otria. Professor Drisler has gone carefully over the whole Book, and there is hardly a page which does not bear some trace of his accurate observation.

« In the Arratiganent of the work, it will be found that in Verbs, the Grammatical forms

come first ; then Etymological remarks, inclosed in curved brackets ( ) ; then notices of the

Prosody, inclosed in square brackets [ ] ; then the Interpretation of the word, with examples,

etc. In Nouns, the Etymological remarks have been generally left at the end of the word.

The Tenses of Compound Verbs will be found under the Simple forms, except when the Compound Verb itself has anything peculiar.

Adverbs must be sought at the end of their Adjectives.

The science of Comparative Philology has made such rapid progress since the publica- tion of our First Edition (1843), in which we had adopted for our textbook the valuable litymologisclic Forschungen of Professor A. F. Pott, that it was necessary entirely to recast this portion of our work. And in doing so we availed ourselves of the Grundzugc de>- griechischen Iiiymologie of Georg Curtius, an excellent summary of the most approved results

* Passow himself, after three Editions, omitted the name of Schneider from his Title-page.

b

A

vi PREFACE.

of modern inquiry into the relations of the Greek language to Sanskrit *, Latin, Gothic, Old High German, Lithuanian, the Ecclesiastical Slavonic, and other cognate languages. We inserted these results in a compendious form, and have now, to save space, omitted special references to Curtius' book : this work has copious Indices, and the English translation by Messrs. Wilkins and England (Murray, 1N75) renders it easily accessible to all Students.

We have been urged to incorporate all Proper Names in the Lexicon. But this would have added so much to the bulk of a Book, already bulky enough, that we have been obliged to put the suggestion aside. Many Proper Names, however, appear in their places. Under some words, as 'A-o'AAwr, Ztvs, etc, a short account of their mythological bearings has been retained, as important for the young Student in reading Homer. Others are given which have in themselves some force and significance, or present something remarkable in their grammatical forms, e.g. 'Ayafitniw, 'HpaxAi/y, '0&v<t<t(vs. It may be observed that the proper names of the mythological and heroic times contain elements of the language which sometimes cannot be traced elsewhere : cf. Zeus, Stlpios, etc.

In all these cases it is difficult to draw a line between what is essential to general Lexico- graphy and what is not. We have done this to the best of our judgment ; and if the line waves more or less, we must shelter ourselves under the plea that it could hardly be otherwise. We subjoin an Alphabetical Catalogue of Authors quoted, with a note of the Edition used, when the reference is made by pages. The date of each author's ' floruit ' is added in the margin ; and, by comparing this with the short summary of the chief Epochs of Greek Litera- ture prefixed to the Catalogue, it will be easy to determine the time of a word's first use, and of its subsequent changes of signification. It will be understood, however, that the age of a word does not wholly depend on that of its Author. For, first, many Greek books have been lost ; secondly, a word of Attic stamp, first occurring in Lucian, Alciphron, or later imitators of Attic Greek, may be considered as virtually older than those found in the vernacular writers of the Alexandrian age. Further, the Language changed differently in different places at the same time ; as in the cases of Demosthenes and Aristotle, whom we have been compelled to place in different Epochs. And even at the same place, as at Athens, there were naturally two parties, one clinging to old usages, the other fond of what was new. The Greek of Thucy- dides and Lysias may be compared in illustration of this remark. We may add that, though the term ' flourished ' is vague, it is yet the only one available, if we wish to observe the influence of any particular Writer on Language and Literature. The dates have generally been assigned with reference to some notable event in the life of the Writer : and this is specified in the case of the most eminent persons. In many, however, no specific note of time can be found ; and here a date has been taken, as nearly as it could be fixed, so as to give the age of 30 or 35. We have in these matters been chiefly guided by Mr. Fynes Clinton's Fasti Hellenici, and Dr. Smith's Biographical Dictionary.

* Sanskrit words have been written in English cha- ference to ch and/; the object being to suggest to the

racters according to the system adopted in Professor eye of the reader the real affinity which exists between

M. Williams' Sanskrit Grammar /—except that U and g cR and ^ f as in kirk and church), T and tT (as in get and

have been used as the equivalents of ^ and ", in pre- gem), notwithstanding their difference to the ear.

Oxford, October, 1882.

In this Eighth Edition, all corrections and additions that could be made without altering the pagination have been inserted in the text. The rest appear in the Addenda.

H. G. L. Ascot, June, 1897.

I. SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL ERAS IN GREEK LITERATURE.

I. 11.

III.

IV.

VI.

VII.

VIII.

IX.

The Early Epic Period, comprising the Iliad and Odyssey, the Homeric Hymns, and the Poems of Hesiod.

From about 800 to 530 A C, in which Literature flourished chiefly in Asia Minor and the Islands : the Period of the early Lyric, Elegiac, and Iambic Poets.

From 530 to 510 A. C, the Age of Peisistratus, etc. ; the beginning of Tragedy at Athens : early Historians.

From 510 to 470 A. C, the Age of ret Ufpaixa, in which the Greek Tragic Poets began to exhibit, and Simonides and Pindar brought Lyric Poetry to perfecticn.

From 470 to 431 A.C., the Age of Athenian Supremacy: perfeclion of Tragedy: regular Prose, Ionic of Herodotus and Hippocrates, Attic (probably) of Antipho.

From 431 to 403 A. C, the Age of the Peloponnesian War: perfection of the Old Comedy: old Attic Prose in Pericles' Speeches, Thucydides, £tc.

From 403 to about 336 A. C, the Age of Spartan and Theban Supremacy, and of Philip: Middle Comedy: Attic Prose of Lysias, Plato, and Xenophon : perfection of Oratory, Demosthenes, etc.

From about 336 A. C. to the Roman Times: (1) Macedonian Age: Prose of Aristotle and Theophrastus : New Comedy. (2) Alexandrian Age: later Epic and Elegiac writers, Callimachus, Theocritus, Apollonius Rhodius, etc., learned Poets, Critics, etc.

Roman Age : Epigrammatic Poets, Hellenic Prose of Polybius, etc. : Alexandrian Prose of Philo, etc. : Grammarians. Then the revived Atticism of Lucian, the Sophists, etc.

II. LIST OF AUTHORS, WITH THE EDITIONS REFERRED TO.

Achaeus Eretrieus, Tragicus (Aged 40)

Achilles Tatius, Scriptor Eroticus (an imitator of Heliodorus)

Achmes, Oneirocritica. Ed. Kigalt

Actuarius, Joannes, Medicus. In Ideler's Physici Gr. Minores

Acusilaiis, koyoypa(t>os. In Muller's Fragm. Historicorum

Adamantius, Medicus

Aelianus, Rhetor,

fHist. Xaturalis 1 (Varia Historia J

Aelianus. Tacticus

Aelius Dionysius, Rhetor et Grammaticus

Aeneas Tacticus or Poliorcetes (At battle of Mantineia)

Aeschines, Orator. In Oratt. Attici: quoted by the pages of H. Stephens (Speech against Timarchus,

at the age of 44)

Aeschylus. Tragicus. Ed. Dindorf. (His first prize, at the age of 41)

Aesopus, Fabularura scriptor, circ. 570 A. C. : but the present collections of his Fables are spurious

Aetius, Medicus

Agatharchides, Grammaticus, etc

Agathemerus, Medicus

Agathias, Hist. Byzant

Agatho, Tragicus (Gains the prize)

Agesianax, Epicus. (Fragm. in Plutarch)

Alcaeus Messenius, Elegiacus. In the Anthologia (Epigram on battle of Cynoscephalae)

Alcaeus Mytilenaeus, Lyricus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr (At the war about Sigeium)

Alcaeus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 824 (Contends with Aristophanes)

Alcidamas. Rhetor. Ed. Reisk (At Athens)

Alciphro, Scriptor Eroticus

Alcman, Lyricus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Alexander Actolus, Elegiacus. In the Anthologia (At the court of Ptolemy Philadelphus)

Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Philosophus

Alexander, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 553 ,

Alexander Trallianus, Medicus

A'.i-xis, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 382

Amipsias, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 701 (The Ktu/iaoTai gains the prize)

Ammonius, Grammaticus (At Constantinople)

Ammonius, Hermeae fil., Philosophus

A mmonius Saccas, Philosophus

Amphilochius, Ecclesiasticus. Ed. Combelis

Amphis, Comicus (Med.) In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 301

Anacreon of Teos, Lyricus. |"is true £"«»«•}» collector! by Bergkj (Migrates to Abdera)

' (Spurious Poems, Anacrtonlica s "

Ananius, Iambographus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Anaxajjoras, Philosophus. Ed. Schaubach (Leaves Athens, aged 50)

Anaxandrides, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 161 (Begins to exhibit)

Anaxilas, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p 341

Anaximander. Philosophus (30 years old)

Anaximenes, Philosophus

Anaxippus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 459

Andocides. Orator. In Oratt. Attici: quoted like Aeschines (Imprisoned, at the age of 52)

Andromachus, Medicus

Andronicus Rhodius, Philosophus (Chief of the Peripatetics at Rome)

b 2

Floruit circa

A. C.

P. C.

444

500?

1300

575?

4'5

'30

120

117

362

345 . 484

= J

500

117?

50

416

57o

'97 6c6

388

432

200?

050 280

220

35°?

356

S7<»

423

390

470

220

375

350

54°

54°

45° 376

,

34° 580

544

303

4'5

58

68

vm

LIST OF AUTHORS,

Anna Comncna, Hist. Byzant (27 years 0,d)

Anthemius, Mathematicus (brother of Alexander Trallianus)

Antidotus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 328

Antigonus Carystius

Antimaehus, Epicus et Elegiacus. Ed. Schellenberg

Antipater Sidonius. In the Anthologia

Antipater Thessalonicensis In the Anthologia

Antiphanes. Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 3 (Begins to exhibit)

Antipho, Orator. In Oratt. Attici : quoted like Aeschines (Aged 39)

Antoninus, M. Aurelius, Philosophus (Emperor)

Antoninus Liberalis

Aphthonius, Rhetor

Apion. Grammaticus (Embassy to Caligula)

Apollodorus (tres, Comici Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. pp. 438, 440, 450

Apollodorus, M y thologus

Apollonius, Archebuli til., Grammaticus. Lexicon Homericum

Apollonius Dyscolus, Grammaticus. (De Construction, by Sylburg's pages. De Conjunct, et Adverb., in

Bekker's Anecdota, vol. 2. De Pronom., in Wolfs Museum Antiquitatis. Historiae Commentiticu, Ed.

Meursius)

Apollonius Pergaeus, Mathematicus

Apollonius Rhodius. Epicus (At the court of Egypt)

Apollophanes, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 879

Appianus. 1 listoricus

Aquila, Judaeus (Translator of O.T. into Greek)

Araros, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 273 (First exhibits)

Aratus, Poeta Physicus. Ed. Bekker (in which the Atooriptta and tnra/ura form one continuous poem)

Arcadius, Grammaticus. Ed. Barker

Aichedicus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 435

Archilochus Parius, Iambographus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr (Migrates to Thasos)

Archimedes. Mathematicus. From the Bale ed (About 37 years of age)

Archippus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 715 (First prize)

Archy tas Tarentinus, Philosophus

Aretaeus, Mcdicus

Arethas, Ecclesiasticus

Aristaenetus, Script or Eroticus

Aiistagoras, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 761

Aristarchus, Grammaticus (At the court of Ptolemy Philopalor)

Aristarchus Samius, Astronomus ,

Aristeas, de LXX (in Gallandii Patrum Bibl. lorn, ii.)

Aristias. Tragicus

Aristides, Rhetor. Ed. Jebb (Hears Herodes Atticus)

Aristides Quintilianus, Musicus. In the Antiquae Musicae Auctt. of Meibomius

Aristomenes, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 730

Aristonymus, Comicus (.Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 698

Aristophanes, Comicus (Vet.). Ed. Dindorf. (The AairaAtrs, his first play)

Aristophanes, Grammaticus

Aristopho, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. J. p. 356

Aristoteles, Philosophus. Ed. Bekker, Oxon (Departs from Athens, at the age of 3 7)

Arrianus, Historicus (his Periplus cited by Hudson's pages) (Introduced to Hadrian in Greece)

Artemidorus (Oneirocritica). Edd. Rigalt. and Reiff.

Asius, Elegiacus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Astrampsychus (Oneirocritica). In Rigalt.'s Artemidorus

Astydamas. Tragicus (First exhibits)

Athanasius, Ecclesiasticus (Archbishop of Alexandria, at the age of about 30)

Athenaeus. Grammaticus. By Casaubon's pages (Mentions death of Ulpian)

Athenaeus, Mathematicus {De Machinis)

Athenio, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 557

Autocrates, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 891

Axionicus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 530

Babrius, Fabularum Scriptor

Bacchylides, Lyricus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr (At the court of Hiero)

Basilius Magnus, Ecclesiasticus (Bishop of Caesarea, at the age of 59)

Bato, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 499

Bion, Poela Bucolicus

Bito, Mechanicus. In Mathematici Veteres; ed. Paris 1693

Caelius Aurelianus, Medicus

Caesarius. Ecclesiasticus (Brother of Gregory Nazianz. ; at the court of Constantius)

Callias, Comicus (Vet. "I. In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 735

Callicrates, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 536

Callicratidas, Pythagoreus. Fragments in Stobaeus

Callimachus. Epicus (Librarian at Alexandria)

Callinus Ephesius, Elegiacus. Ed. Bach

(allippus, Astronomus

Callippus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 561

Callistratus, Sophista. In Olearius' Philostratus, pp. 890 sqq

Callixenus, H istoricus ,

Cantharus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 835

Cassius Iatrosophista. In Ideler's Physici Gr. Minores

Cebes, Philosophus (Present at the death of Socrates)

( ephisodorus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 883

Cercidas of Megalopolis

Chaeremon, Tragicus

Chalcidius, Philosophus

Chariclides, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 556

Charito, Scriptor Eroticus

1 haron, Historicus. In Midler's Fragm. H istoricorum _

Chio (Epistolae xiii, but prob. spurious, in Orelli's Memnon)

Florui

circa

K.C.

P.C.

1110

57°

35°?

250?

4°5

106

10

387

440

161

147?

315

38

33o

260

140

138

220

200

407

140

'3°

375

270

200?

302

700

250

415

400?

70?

54°?

450?

410

210

280

270

45°

160

100?

425

420

427

200

35°?

347

124

160

700?

...?

398

326

228

210?

35o?

39°

340

50?

470

37°

260

280

150?

35°

424

35° •'

9

260

.

73°?

35°

•>

160?

270

420

100?

399

402

320

380

j

500?

...?

5°4

353

WITH THE EDITIONS REFERRED TO.

Chionides, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 5

Choerilus Atticus, Tragicus (His first exhibition)

Choerilus Samiu-, Epicus. Ed. Nike (Aged 30)

Choeroboscus, Grammaticus. Ed. Gaisford

Christodorus, Poeta. In the Anthologia

Chrvsippus, Philosophus (At the age of 40"

Chrvsippus Tyaneus (ap. Athenaeum)

Clean thes, Stoicus

Clearchus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 562

Clemens Alexandrinus, Ecclesiasticus. Ed. Potter

Clemens Romanus, Ecclesiasticus (Bishop of Rome)

Cleomedes, Mathematicus. Ed. Bake

Clitodemus (or Clidemus), Historicus

Coluthus, Epicus

Corinna, Lyrica. In Bergk's Lyr. Gr

Comutus (De Natura Deorum, publ. by Aldus under the name of Phurnutus) (Banished by Nero)

Cosmas Indicopleustes. In Nova Collectio Patrum (Paris 1706)

Crates, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 233

Crates, Grammaticus (Contemporary with Aristarchus)

Cratinus Major, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 15

Cratinus Minor, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 374

Critias. Elegiacus et Tragicus. Ed. Bach (Promotes recall of Alcibiades)

Crito, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 537

Crobylus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 565

Ctesias, Historicus (Physician to Artaxerxes)

Cyrillus, Ecclesiasticus (Archbishop of Alexandria)

Damascenus, v. Joannes, and Nicolaus

Damascius, Philosophus. Ed. Kopp (Schools at Athens closed by Justinian)

Damocrates, Medicus

Damoxenus„Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 5:9

Demades, Orator. In Oratt. Attici ; quoted like Aeschines (Leads opposition to Demosthenes)

Demetrius (duo Comici). In Meineke's Com Fragm. 'Wjtq./n ' *! ,iQ "

Demet rius Phalereus, Rhetor. In Walz's Rhetores Graeci (Governor of Athens)

Democrates, Pythagoreus. Sententiae gnomicae in Gale

Democritus, Philosophus (Aged 30)

Demon, Historicus. Ed. Siebelis

Deraonicus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 570

Demosthenes, Orator. In Oratt. Attici; by Reiske's pages (First public speech, at the age of 27)

Dexicrates, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 571 _

Dicaearchus, Geographus. In Hudson's Geographi Giaeci Minores

Didymus, Grammaticus

Dinarchus. Orator. In Oratt. Attici: quoted like Aeschines (At the age of 26)

Dinolochus, Comicus D01 icus

Dio Cassius, Historicus (Senator at the age of 25)

Dio Chrysostomus, Rhetor: quoted by Morell's pages (Lutetiae 1604)

Diodes, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 838

Diodorus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 543

Diodorus Siculus, Historicus. Ed. Wesseling (His History finished)

Diogenes Laertius

Diogenianus. In the Paroemiographi

Dionysius Areopagita

Dionysius. Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 547

Dionysius Halicarnassensis. Historicus, et Criticus Ed. Reisk. (The treatise De Compositione Vtrbomm

sometimes by Upton's pages in the margin of Schafer's Ed.) (Contemp. with Strabo)

Dionysius Periegetes

Diophantus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 1. p. 492

Dioscorides. Physicus. Ed. Sprengel

Dioxippus. Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 541

Diphilus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 37J

Dosilheus, Grammaticus

Doxopater or Doxipater, Rhetor. In Walz's Rhetores Graeci

Draco Stratonicensis, Grammaticus. Ed. Hermann

Dromo, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 540

Ecphantides, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 12

Empedocles. Poeta philosophicus. Ed. Stun

Ephippus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 322

Ephorus, Historicus. In Midler's Fragm. Historicorum

Epicharmus. Comicus Syracusanus. In Ahrens de Dialeclo Doiica (In the reign of Hiero)

Epicrates, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 365

Epictetus, Philosophus. Ed. Schweighauser (Expelled from Rome by Domitian)

Epicurus, Philosophus (Establishes School at Athens, at the age of 35)

K|ii^enes, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 537

In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 887

In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 505

By the pages of Petavius, in margin of Dindorfs ed (Bishop of Constantia

in Cyprus)

Kra>istratus, Medicus (At the court of Seleucus Nicator)

Eratosthenes, Mathematicus. Ed. Bemhaidy (Librarian at Alexandria about)

Erinna. Lvrica. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Eriphus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 556

Erotianus, Medicus. Glossary of Hippocrates

Etymologicum Magnum, quoted by the pages of Sylburg's Ed

Euangelus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 572

Eubulides. Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 559

Eubulus Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 203

Kuclides, Mathematicus (At Alexandria)

Eudocia, Bvzantina

Epilycus. Comical (Vet.). Epinicus, Comicus (Nov.). Epiphanius, Ecclesiasticus.

Floruit circa A.C. 487

523 440

240

270

...t

IX

400? 5°0

4+9 210

454 350 411

...?

3^4

401

345? 349 4C0 299

317 ...? 430 280 ...? 355 ...? 320 to 336 487

47o

354 8

35°

...?

...? 3 20

35°? 460

444 368

35° 376

306 378 394 217

294 240 610?

350?

...?

35°?

375

350?

60

1030?

43°

LIST OF AUTHORS,

Eudoxus, Astronomus, etc

Eudoxus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 508

Eumathius, or Eustathius, Macrcmbolita, Scriptor Eroticus

Eunapius, Sophista. Ed. Boissonade

Eunicus, Comicus (Vet.). In Mcineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 856 ■■•■■■

Euphorio, Poeta et Grammaticus. Ed. Meineke (Librarian at Antioch. at the age ol 55)

Euphro, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 486 •; ■••■• ••••■

Eupoiis, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 426 (Exhibits)

Euripides, Tragicus. Ed. Dindorf. (His first prize, at the age of 39)

Eusebius, Ecclesiasticus. The Demonstratio Evangelica by the pages of the Ed. 1628, the Praeparatio fcv. by

those ofViger, in Gaisford's margin (Bishop of Caesarea)

Eustathius, Grammaticus. Ed. Romana:— Opuscula, Ed. Tafel

Eust ratius, Philosophus

Euthycles, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 890

Evagrius of Antioch, Ecclesiasticus

Evagrius, Historicus Eccl

Evenus, Elegiacus. In Gaisford's Poe'tae Minores Gr, and the Anthologies

Galenus. Medicus. Ed. Kuhn (Visits Rome, at the age of 34)

Gaza (Theodoras) Byzant (Escapes to Italy)

Gcminus, Mathematicus

Gemistus, v. Pletho "•

Genesius, Byzant. By the pages of the Venice Ed., in the margin of the Bonn Ed

Geoponica. Ed. Niclas

Georgius Acropolita, Byzant

Georgius Cedrenus, Byzant

Georgius Pachymeres, Byzant

Georgius Pisida, Byzant

Georgius Svncellus, Byzant ■■■■

Gorgias, Sophista (Embassy to Athens, at the age of 60)

Gregoi ius Corinthius, Grammaticus. Ed. Koen. et Schafer

Gregorius N'azianzenus (o BioXuyos) (Ordained Presbyter, at the age of 32)

Gregorius Nyssenus, Ecclesiasticus (Brother of St. Basil ; bishop of Nyssa)

Harpocratio, Lexicographus

Hecataeus Abderita. Ed. Zorn, Altonae 1730 (Follows Alexander into Syria)

Hecataeus Milesius, Historicus. In Muller's Fragm. Historicorum .•■.■■••

Hegemon, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 743 (Exhibits)

Hegesippus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 469

Heliodorus, Scriptor Eroticus

Helladius, Grammaticus

Hellanicus, Historicus. In Muller's Fragm. Historicorum (30 years of age)

Heniochus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 560

Hephaestio, Grammaticus. Ed. Gaisford (Preceptor of L. Verus)

Heraclides, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 565

Heraclides Ponticus, Allegoriae Homeri and Politicae

Heraclitus, Philosophus

Hermesianax. Elegiacus. Ed. Bach

Hermippus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 380

Hermogenes, Rhetor. In \Yalzs Rhetores Graeci ....

Hero Alexandrinus. (BiXoiwi'iita, Spiritalia, etc.) In Mathematici Vett., Paris 1693

Hero Junior (De Machinis, etc.). Ibid

Herodes Atticus, Rhetor (Consul)

Herodianus, Historicus

Herodianus, Aelius, Gramm.: mpl fnovrfpom \f((ws in Dindorf 's Gramm. Graeci ; impfptoftot, ed. Barker

Herodotus, Historicus (At Thurii, aged 41)

Hesiodus, Epicus

Hesychius, Lexicographus

Hierocles, Philosophus :

Hieronymus Rhodius, Philosophus

H imerius, Sophista

Hipparchus, Astronomus

Hipparchus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 431

Hippocrates, Medicus. By the pages of Foesius (Aged 30)

Hipponax, Iambographus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Homerus, Epicus

Horapollo or Horus, Grammaticus

Hyperides, Orator (Funeral Oration in Lamian War, at the age of 70)

Iamblichus, Philosophus

Ibycus, Lyricus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

J oannes Alexandrinus (roviva TrapayyikfiaTa) . Ed. Dindorf

Joannes Chrysostomus, Ecclesiasticus (Archbishop of Constantinople, at the age of 50)

J oannes Cinnamus, Byzant

J oannes Damascenus, Ecclesiasticus

J oannes Gazaeus

Joannes Laurentius Lydus, Byzant

Joannes Malalas, or Malelas, Byzant

Joannes Philoponus, Grammaticus

Ion Chius, Tragicus

Josephus, Historicus (At the age of 34: faU of Jerusalem)

Isaeus, Orator. In Oratt. Attici : cited like Aeschines

Isidorus Pelusiota, Ecclesiasticus

1 socrates. Orator. In Oratt. Attici : cited like Aeschines (Panegyric; at the age of 56)

ister, Historicus. In Muller's Fragm. Historicorum

Julianus, Imperator. Ed. Spanhem (Emperor, at the age of 30)

Justinus Martyr, Ecclesiasticus

I.amprocles, Dithyrambicus. In Bergk's Lyrici Graeci

Laon, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 574

Lasus. Dithyrambicus. In Bergk's Lyrici Graeci (Preceptor of Pindar)

Leo, Diaconus, Byzant

Floruit circa

A.C. 366

394 221 280 429 441

400? 450

77

427

332 520

4'3

300

466 35° ■'

348 39° 5'3 34° 432

250

508

P.C.

1100? 380

3i5 1160 1 100

388 560

163 1430

95°

920?

1250

1100?

1270

620

Soo

1150

361

372

350?

39° 43°

150

170

620

»43

238

160

443

800?

...?

4c°

300

35°

150?

320

<3°

546

900?

400?

323.

300

560

397

1160

730

500?

520

580?

620

45i

70

380

400

3S0

236

361

!5°

joo? j

9S0

WITH THE EDITIONS REFERRED TO.

Leo, Grammaticus, Byzant

Leo, Philosophus or Tacticus, Byzant (Emperor at the age of 21)

Leonidas Alexandrinus. In the Amhologia

Leo.iidas Tarentinus. In the Anthologia

Leontius, Ecclesiast icus

Leontius, Mechanicus Jn Buhle's Aratus, vol. i)

Lesbonax, Sophista In Oratt. Attici : cited like Aeschines

Leuco, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 749

Libanius, Sophista. Ed. Keisk

Licymnius, Dithyrambicus. In Bergk's Lyrici Graeci

Longinus, Rhetor 1

Longus, Scriptor Eroticus

Lucianus

Lycophro, Iambographus _ (At the court of Ptolemy Philadelphus)

Lycurgus, Orator. In Oratt. Attici : cited like Aeschines (Speech against Leocrates)

Lynceus, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 433

I.ysias, Orator. In Oratt. Attici (Returns from Thurii to Athens, at the age of 47)

Lysippus, Comicus (.Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 744

L\x, i.e. the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament

Macarius Aegyptius, and Macarius Alexandrinus, Ecclesiastic;

Macho, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 496

Magnes, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 9

Malalas, v. Joannes

Manasses, Historicus Byzant

Manetho, Poeta

Manuel Bryennius, Musicus Byzant. . .

Marcellus Sidetes, Poeta Medicus. In Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. I. p. 14, ed. 3

Marcianus Capella

Marcus Asceta or Eremita (A disciple of St. Chrysostom)

Marinu ■>, Rhetor. Ed. Boissonade ,

M auricius, Byzant

Maximus Epirota {wipi Karafx">v) (Preceptor of Julian)

Maximus Planudes. Byzant. (Compiler of the latest Anthology)

Maximus Tyrius, Philosophus

M elampus, Physiognomicus

Melanippides, Dithyrambicus. In Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Meleager, Elegiacus. In the Anthologia

Melinno, Lyrica

Mtlissus, Philosophus

Memnon, Historicus. Ed. Orelli

Menandcr, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. pp. 99 sqq (Begins to exhibit, aged 20)

Menander. Historicus Byzant

Menander, Rhetor. In Walz's Rhetores Graeci

Metagenes, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 751

Methodius, Ecclesiasticus. Ed. Combens

M ichael Psellus, Byzant

Mimnermus, Elegiacus. In Gaisford's Poetae Minores Gr., or Bergk's Lyrici Gr

Mmsimachus, Comicus (Med ). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 567

Moeris. Grammaticus. Ed. Pierson

Moschio, Medicus

Moschopulus, Grammaticus Byzant

Moschus, Poeta Bucolicus

Musacus, Grammaticus

Musonius Kufus. Philosophus (Banished by Nero)

Myrtilus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 418

Nausicrates, Comicus (Med. ?). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 575

Nemesius, Philosophus

Nicander, Poeta Physicus

Nicephorus Bryennius, Byzant

Nicephorus Patriarcha, Byzant. (At the second Council of Nicaea)

Nicetas Choniates, Byzant. Annates, cited by the pages of the 1st Ed., in the margin of the Bonn. Ed

Nicetas Eugenianus, Poeta Eroticus (Byzant.)

Nicetas Paphalo, Ecclesiasticus

Nicochares, Comicus (Vet). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 842

Nicolaus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 579

Nicolaiis Damascenus, Historicus (At the Court of Augustus)

Nicolaus Myrepsus, Medicus

Nicolaus Smyrnaeus, Arithmeticus. In Schneider's Eclogae Physicae J. p. 477

Nicomachus, Comicus (Nov.?). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 583, (cf. I. p. 77)

Nicomachus Gerasenus, Arithmeticus. Ed. Ast. Lips. 1817

Nicopho, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 848

Nicostratus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 278, (cf. 1. p. 77)

Nilus, Ecclesiasticus

Nonnus. Epicus

Nymphodorus. Historicus (</<• Moribus Asiat stve Barbaricis)

Ocellus Lucanus, Philosophus

Occumenius. Ecclesiasticus

Oenomaiis, Philosophus, (apud Eusebium)

Olympiodorus. Historicus. In Photius' Bibliotheca

« Myinpiodorus. Philosophus Neo-Platonicus

Olympiodorus, Philosophus Aristotelicus

Onosander. Tacticus ...

Ophtlio, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 380

Oppianus, Poeta Physicus

( Iracula Sibyllina (At various dates, i

< >ribasius, Medicus by pp. of Edd. Matthaei et Maii (in Daremberg's margin). (Accompanies Julian to Gaul) Origents, Ecclesiasticus (Ordained Presbyter at about 44 years of age)

Floruit circa

XI

A.C.

280

422

270

33° 300 411

434 274?

280 460

300

250? 450? 60

444

322

410 630

200 •?

43° 350?

160?

400 "4

388 35°

400?

380 170

B.C.

950? 886 60

600

580? 10

350

250

400? 160?

33°

1150

1300

13°

500?

400

45° 600

340

1320 ISO

100?

50?

30?

270

1050

-00? 110?

1300?

66

400?

ii 00

787

1200

"75?

880

1300? t

50

420

500?

95°? 150?

45°

5'5 575 55

180?

2, so 355 230

XII

LIST OF AUTHORS,

Orion Thebanus. Grammaticus

Orphica. Ed. Hermann

Paiaephatus, Mythologus

Palladius, Ecclesiasticus, (Historia Lausiaca)

Palladius, Medicus. Author of a treatise de Febribus in Ideler's Physici Gr. Minores

Painphilus, Ecclesiasticus

Pamphilus, Grammaticus et Medicus

Panyasis, Epicus. In Gaisford's Poetae Minores Gr

Pappus, Mathematicus

Parmenides, Poeta Philosophicus

Parthenius, Scriptor Erot icus

Paulus Alexandrinus, Astrologus, (Apo/elesmatica)

Paulus Silentiarius, Poeta Byzant., (Ecplirases in the Corpus Histt. Byzant.)

Pausanias. Archaeologus

Phalaris (Spurious Epistles)

Phanias, Philosophus

Phanocles, Elegiacus. Ed. Bach

Phanodemus, Archaeologus •■••

Pherecrates, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 252 (His first prize)

Pherecydes, Historicus. In Midler's Fragm. Historicorum

Pherecydes (of Syros), Philosophus

Philemon, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 3 (Begins to exhibit)

Philemon Minor, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 68

Philemon, Grammaticus. Lexicon Ed. Osann

Philes (Manuel), Poeta Byzant

Philetaerus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. p. 292 ,

Philetas, Elegiacus. Ed. Bach

Philippides, Comicus (Nov.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 467

Philiscus, Comicus (Med.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3, p. 579

Philistus, Historicus. In Midler's Fragm. Historicorum Supports Dionysius)

Philo, Academicus

Philo Judaeus. By Mangey's pagts (Embassy to Rome)

Philo Byzantinas, Mechanicus. (BfKotrouxa, De vii Mirabilibus)

Philochorus, Archaeologus. In Midler's Fragm. Historicorum

Philodemus, Epicureus. In Gomperz Herkul. Studien

Philonides, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 421

Philoponus, v. Joannes

Philostephanus, Comicus (Incert.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 4. p. 589

Phi lostorgius, Historicus Eccles

Philostralus, Sophista. By the pages of Olearius . (Lives of Sophists written about)

Philostratus, Junior

Philoxenus, Dithyrambicus, v. Meineke's Com. Fragm. 3. pp.635 s(¥i-i an<^ Bergk's Lyr. Gr

Philyllius Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 857

Phlegon (de Miraculis)

Phocylides, Elegiacus. In Gaisford's Poetae Minores Gr

Phoebammon, Rhetor. In Walz's Rhetores Graeci

Photius. Ecclesiasticus, Lexicographus, etc. Lexicon, ed. Porson ; Bibliotheca, ed. Bekker ; Epistolae, ed.

Montague

Phrynichus, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p. 580 (Exhibits)

Phrynichus, Tragicus (Prize)

Phrynichus, Grammaticus. By Lobeck's pages l

Phurnutus, v. Cornutus

Phylarchus, Historicus. In Miiller's Fragm. Historicorum

Pindarus, Lyricus. Quoted by Heyne's lines, in the right margin of Bockh, Dissen, etc. ; the Fragments by

Bockh's Edition (At the age of 32)

Pisander Larandius, Poeta

Pisander Rhodius, Poeta

Pisida, v. Georgius

Planudes, v. Maximus

Plato, Comicus (Vet.). In Meineke's Com. Fragm. 2. p.615 (Begins to exhibit)

Plato, Philosophus: quoted by the pages of H. Stephens (At the age of 30; death of Socrates)

Pletho, (Georgius Gemistus), Byzant

Plotinus, Philosophus (Accompanies Goidian to the East, at the age of 38)

Plutarchus, Philosophus. The Lives by Chapters; the Moralia by Xylander's pages